Summer can be fun and one of the happiest times of the year, but if you don’t take precautions, summer can lead to a number of problems and hazards like sunburn, bug bites or allergies that can be easy to avoid if you take precautions.
Here are some tips for enjoying a healthy and safe summer:
Summer is the perfect time to go out and get fit, try not to stay indoors and enjoy the perfect weather. Go for a run, ride your bike or just go for a walk at the beach.
You may be tempted to stay indoors in air-conditioned places but if the heat is too strong try at least to go out and exercise early in the morning or in the afternoon. Remember that physical activity is great for your mental health, can prevent obesity and diabetes, lead to better sleep and even reduce your risk of breast cancer.
Sunlight is great for your health, it is a great source of vitamin D and it can make you feel and look great. But you have to be careful as it can lead to sunburn and other health problems.
UVA rays can lead to a loss in elasticity, aging and skin damage. It can also make harder for the body to fight diseases and can lead to skin cancer, so always, ALWAYS use sunscreen with a protective factor of at least SPF 30 and don’t spend hours under direct sunlight without moving or drinking water.
If you are walking or exercising is recommended to also to wear protective clothing and stay in the shade if the sun is too strong.
In the summer when the weather and the air are hot, it is necessary to stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water and other liquids to replace the fluids lost through perspiration. Remember that drinks with alcohol or caffeine must be avoided because they can increase fluid output.
When going out in the heat, be on the lookout for the following sings that can indicate dehydration:
-Little or no urination
These symptoms can lead to severe health hazards like heat exhaustion, faintness, fatigue, seizures, kidney failure and even death, so always carry a bottle with water in the summer time!
Bugs and Insects
Bug bites can lead to a visit to the emergency room if you are not careful as they can lead to infection or allergies during the summer. You can get insect bites from a number of bugs including, hornets, mosquitoes, bees, wasps and many others.
Always use an insect repellant that contains at least 30 to 50% DEET or 15% Icaridin. DEET is the only ingredient successful in repelling wasps.
It is also recommended to do the following in order to prevent an insect infestation:
-Keep windows and doors closed while indoors
-Throw away garbage as often as possible
-Wear closed toe shoes
-Avoid excessive use of fragrance
-Avoid wearing floral prints that can attract bees and wasps
If bitten, wash the affected area with plenty of water and soap. Apply an over the counter pain reliever or Ibuprofen to reduce the swelling. You can also apply an ice pack.
If things look too bad, you have to seek professional medical care.
During the summer months there is an increased risk of fire-related accidents especially during the fourth of July celebrations and summer break in the US.
Some recommendations include:
– Keep barbecues away as possible from flammable materials; always check the grill for damage and always light matches before turning the gas on.
– Stay at least 500 meters from any Fireworks display and don’t let children use fireworks.
-If you are driving and your car gets overheated, remember to wait until the engine cools down before opening the hood.
Follow these recommendations and you will have a safe and problem-free summer that you will remember forever!